The total population of Spain on 1 January 2016 stood at 46,438,400. Its population declined by 11,100 in 2015
As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Spain was estimated to be 11,800 (0.03% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 18,000 (0.04% of the wider population).
The core Jewish population was estimated to be 12,000 in 1990 (0.03% of the wider population), and has therefore declined by less than 1% over 25 years during which the wider population has grown by approximately 19%.
Between 1990 and 2015, 924 Spaniards emigrated to Israel.
An estimated 20,000 Spaniards qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
The Jewish community is concentrated in Madrid, Barcelona and Malaga together with a number of smaller population centres.