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map of Russia Russia

Total country population 146,700,000
Core Jewish population 150,000
Jews per total 1,000 in population 1.02
Population with a Jewish parent 320,000
Enlarged Jewish population 460,000
Law of Return Jewish population 600,000


Russian Federation

  • The total population of Russia on 1 January 2016 stood at 144,300,000.
  • As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Russia was estimated to be 179,500 (0.12% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 380,000 (0.26% of the wider population).
  • Since 1990, over 1 million Russian Jews have emigrated, with over 900,000 emigrating to Israel.
  • In 2015, 6,589 Russian citizens emigrated to Israel, an increase from 4,553 in 2014.
  • An estimated 570,000 Russian citizens qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
  • The majority of the Russian Jewish population is concentrated in Moscow (estimated at approximately 100,000), St Petersburg, together with many smaller population centres.

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