The total population of Romania on 1 January 2016 stood at 19,760,000. Its population declined by 110,700 in 2015, 75,700 of which was due to an excess of deaths over births.
As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Romania was estimated to be 9,300 (0.05% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 17,000 (0.09% of the wider population).
The core Jewish population was estimated to be 17,500 in 1990 (0.08% of the wider population), and has therefore declined by approximately 47% over 25 years during which the wider population declined by approximately 14%.
Between 1990 and 2015, 5,812 Romanians emigrated to Israel.
An estimated 20,000 Romanians qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.