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map of Poland Poland

Total country population 38,400,000
Core Jewish population 4,500
Jews per total 1,000 in population 0.12
Population with a Jewish parent 7,500
Enlarged Jewish population 15,300
Law of Return Jewish population 25,000



  • The total population of Poland on 1 January 2016 stood at 37,967,200. Its population declined by 38,400 in 2015, most of which was due to an excess of deaths over births.
  • As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Poland was estimated to be 3,200 (0.008% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 7,500 (0.02% of the wider population).
  • The core Jewish population was estimated to be 3,800 in 1990 ( 0.01% of the wider population), and has therefore declined by 16% over 25 years during which the wider population has remained almost static.
  • Between 1990 and 2015, 1,075 Poles emigrated to Israel.
  • An estimated 10,000 Poles qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
  • Most of Poland's Jews live in Warsaw, with other communities in Krakow, Wroclaw, Lodz and a number of other locations.

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