The total population of Lithuania on 1 January 2016 stood at 2,888,600. Its population declined by 32,700 in 2015 due to an excess of deaths over births and migration.
As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Lithuania is estimated to be 2,700 (0.09% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 6,500 (0.23% of the wider population).
The core Jewish population was estimated to be 9,000 in 1990 (0.19% of the wider population) and has therefore declined by approximately 70% over 25 years during which the wider population has declined by approximately 23%.
Between 1990 and 2015, over 8,000 Lithuanians emigrated to Israel.
An estimated 10,000 Lithuanians qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
The Lithuanian Jewish population is concentrated in the capital, Vilnius, with smaller population centres including Klaipėda and Kaunas.