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map of Latvia Latvia

Total country population 1,900,000
Core Jewish population 4,300
Jews per total 1,000 in population 2.26
Population with a Jewish parent 8,000
Enlarged Jewish population 12,000
Law of Return Jewish population 16,000



  • The total population of Latvia on 1 January 2016 stood at 1,959,000. Its population declined by 17,100 in 2015, of which 10,600 was due to outward migration. 
  • As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Latvia was estimated to be 5000 (0.26% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 12,000 (0.61 % of the wider population). 
  • The core Jewish population was estimated to be 18,000  in 1990 (0.59% of the wider population), and has therefore declined by approximately 71% over 25 years during which the wider population declined by approximately 25%. 
  • Between 1990 and 2015, 11,379 Latvians emigrated to Israel. 
  • An estimated 16,000 Latvians qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return. 
  • The Jewish community is concentrated in Riga. 

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