The total population of Italy on 1 January 2016 stood at 60,665,600. Its population declined by 130,100 in 2015, due to an excess of deaths over births.
As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Italy was estimated to be 27,400 (0.05% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 40,000 (0.07 % of the wider population).
The core Jewish population was estimated to be 31,200 in 1990 (0.06% of the wider population), and has therefore declined by approximately 12% over 25 years during which the wider population grew by approximately 7%.
Between 1990 and 2015, 2258 Italians emigrated to Israel.
An estimated 45,000 Italians qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
The largest Jewish communities are in Rome and Milan, with smaller communities in Turin, Florence, Venice, Livorno and a number of other locations.