The total population of Greece on 1 January 2016 stood at 10,793,500. Its population declined by 64,500 in 2015, due to a combination of outward migration and an excess of deaths over births.
As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Greece was estimated to be 4,300 (0.04% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 6000 (0.06% of the wider population).
The core Jewish population was estimated to be 4,800 in 1990 (0.05% of the wider population), and has therefore declined by approximately 8% over 25 years during which the wider population has grown by approximately 9%.
Between 1990 and 2015, 233 Greeks emigrated to Israel.
An estimated 7000 Greeks qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
The Jewish community is concentrated in Athens, with communities in Thessaloniki, Larissa and Chalkis.