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map of France France

Total country population 64,900,000
Core Jewish population 446,000
Jews per total 1,000 in population 6.87
Population with a Jewish parent 550,000
Enlarged Jewish population 650,000
Law of Return Jewish population 750,000



  • The total population of France on 1 January 2016 stood at 66,661,600. Its population grew by 246,500 in 2015, of which 45,800 was due to inward migration. 
  • As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of France was estimated to be 460,000 (0.69% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 600,000 (0.90% of the wider population). 
  • The French Jewish population is the largest in Europe in absolute terms and is second only to Gibraltar as a percentage of the total population. 
  • The core Jewish population was estimated to be 530,000 in 1990 (0.94% of the wider population) and has therefore declined by approximately 13% over 25 years during which the wider population grew by approximately 14%.  
  • Between 1990 and 2015, 53,911 French citizens emigrated to Israel. The annual rate has almost trebled since 1990 with 6,627 emigrating in 2015. 
  • An estimated 700,000 French citizens qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return. 
  • There are Jewish communities in over 200 localities in France. The majority (over 300,000) live in Paris. Other large Jewish communities include Marseilles, Lyon, Toulouse, Nice and Strasbourg.

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