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map of Germany Germany

Total country population 83,300,000
Core Jewish population 118,000
Jews per total 1,000 in population 1.42
Population with a Jewish parent 150,000
Enlarged Jewish population 225,000
Law of Return Jewish population 275,000



  • The total population of Germany on 1 January 2016 stood at 82,162,000. Its population grew by 964,500 in 2015, with a net inward migration figure of 1,151,500 counter-balancing a 187,000 excess of deaths over births.  
  • As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Germany was estimated to be 117,000 (0.14% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 225,000 (0.27% of the wider population). 
  • The core Jewish population was estimated to be 40,000 in 1990 (0.05% of the wider population), and has therefore increased by approximately 194% over 25 years during which the wider population grew by just over 4%. The majority of this increase is due to immigration from the Former Soviet Union.
  • Between 1990 and 2015, 2,596 Germans emigrated to Israel. 
  • An estimated 275,000 Germans qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return. 
  • The largest Jewish community in Germany is in Berlin (10,600 members), followed by Munich (9,500 members), Dusseldorf (7,100) and Frankfurt am Main (6,800). There are a further 108 small Jewish communities acrossthe country.  

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