The total population of Germany on 1 January 2016 stood at 82,162,000. Its population grew by 964,500 in 2015, with a net inward migration figure of 1,151,500 counter-balancing a 187,000 excess of deaths over births.
As of 1 January 2016, the core Jewish population of Germany was estimated to be 117,000 (0.14% of the wider population), and the enlarged Jewish population was estimated at 225,000 (0.27% of the wider population).
The core Jewish population was estimated to be 40,000 in 1990 (0.05% of the wider population), and has therefore increased by approximately 194% over 25 years during which the wider population grew by just over 4%. The majority of this increase is due to immigration from the Former Soviet Union.
Between 1990 and 2015, 2,596 Germans emigrated to Israel.
An estimated 275,000 Germans qualify for Israeli citizenship under the Law of Return.
The largest Jewish community in Germany is in Berlin (10,600 members), followed by Munich (9,500 members), Dusseldorf (7,100) and Frankfurt am Main (6,800). There are a further 108 small Jewish communities acrossthe country.